Malcolm X, The Movie: Cinema as History (4/9) – Pat Dowell, Jacquie Jones, Christopher Hitchens

Malcolm X The Movie Cinema as History 4 9 – Pat Dowell Jacquie Jones Christopher Hitchens

Malcolm X, The Movie: Cinema as History (4/9) - Pat Dowell, Jacquie Jones, Christopher Hitchens

March 1 1993 http www amazon com gp redirect html ie UTF8 amp amp location http 3A 2F 2Fwww amazon com 2FChristopher-Hitchens 2Fe 2FB000APSKR0 3Fqid 3D1278211708 26sr 3D1-2-ent amp amp tag doc06-20 amp amp linkCode ur2 amp amp camp 1789 amp amp creative 9325 Watch the full program http thefilmarchived blogspot com 2010 08 malcolm-x-movie-cinema-as-history-1993 html Betty Shabazz served as a consultant to the film The Fruit of Islam the defense corps of the Nation of Islam provided security for the movie Washington had portrayed Malcolm X eleven years earlier in the Off Broadway play quot When the Chickens Come Home to Roost quot which dealt with the relationship between Malcolm and his mentor Elijah Muhammad Washington noted that he did not know much about the character or read his autobiography when he took the role To prepare for the stage role he read books and articles by and about Malcolm X and went over hours of tape and film footage of speeches The play opened in 1981 and earned Washington a warm review by Frank Rich who was at the time the chief theater critic of The New York Times Upon being cast in the film he interviewed people who knew Malcolm X among them Betty Shabazz and two of his brothers Although they had different upbringings Washington tried to focus on what he had in common with his character Washington was close to Malcolm X s age when Malcolm X was assassinated both men had large families both of their fathers were ministers both were raised primarily by their mothers Malcolm X is the first non-documentary and the first American-produced film to be given permission to film in Mecca or within the Haram Sharif A second film crew was hired to film in Mecca because non-Muslims are not allowed inside the city In addition to Nelson Mandela the film featured cameos by Christopher Plummer and Peter Boyle civil rights activists Al Sharpton William Kunstler as well as Black Panther Party co-founder Bobby Seale Ossie Davis read part of the eulogy he gave at Malcolm X s funeral in a voice over at the end of the film praising him as quot our own black shining prince quot The film was made in the years immediately after Mandela s 1990 release from prison and during the negotiations to end apartheid in South Africa Lee explained that he made quot the connection between Soweto and Harlem Nelson and Malcolm and what Malcolm talked about pan-Africanism trying to build these bridges between people of color He is alive in children in classrooms in Harlem in classrooms in Soweto quot The Organization of Afro-American Unity OAAU was a black nationalist organization founded in 1964 by Malcolm X Modeled on the Organization of African Unity the purpose of the OAAU was to fight for the human rights of African Americans and promote cooperation among Africans and Afro-Americans in the Americas On June 28 1964 Malcolm X called a press conference at the Hotel Theresa in Harlem to announce his new project which he had been helped to set up by Elijah Muhammad s two sons the Organization of Afro-American Unity Modelled after the Organization of African Unity OAU the all-African federation the OAAU was an international secular political organization promoting the interests of black people and working to fight white oppression Discussions with the exiled author Julian Mayfield one of Malcolm X s hosts during his 1964 trip to Africa convinced Malcolm X of the need for a social political and economic organization that would link Blacks in the U S the Caribbean and the Americas with Africa The OAAU pushed for Black control of every aspect of the Black community At the founding rally Malcolm X stated that the organization s principal concern was the human rights of Blacks but that it would also focus on voter registration school boycotts rent strikes housing rehabilitation and social programs for addicts unwed mothers and troubled children Malcolm X saw the OAAU as a way of quot un-brainwashing quot Black people ridding them of the lies they had been told about themselves and their culture When a reporter asked whether white people could join the OAAU Malcolm X said quot Definitely not quot Then he added quot If John Brown were still alive we might accept him quot

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